Some very high-level background about cell-biology for my talk on Cultural Metabolism and LLMs on wheels at Prague earlier this year.

According to Paul Nurse:

  1. Living things are bounded physical entities
  2. The bounded entity is the chemical and informational machine
  3. This chemical and informational machine has a hereditary system
    1. The system prefigures how the entity works
    2. But has in-built variability to respond to its environment (epigenetics)
  4. The entity can therefore evolve by natural selection
  5. The living thing can have purpose of being better adapted to the life state it finds itself

From his book: What is Life?